Drawing I and II Lesson Plans

Lesson Plans for Drawing I and II, Qt. 1, Per. 3
Weeks of Sept. 4-7 and Sept. 10-14
This class will begin with a discussion of the importance of the Elements and Principles of Design and of right brain theory. Drawing exercises will begin the first day.

The Elements of Design are: Line, Shape or Form, Texture, Space, Color, and Value. They will be studied and explored through projects and looking at examples in famouse artworks such as Starry Night by Van Gogh. The class will be assigned a drawing assignment to correspond with the element we have studied.

It can enclose a shape.
It can create texture and detail.
Some of the most basic line qualities are: straight, curvy, thick, thin, zigzag, implied, diagonal, horizontal, and vertical.

Drawing assignments: 1) Contour line drawing. Using pencil, create a drawing of your hand holding a gadget that you have selected. Outline your shoe or hand first, in the center of the paper. Next, add details. An example will be shown. 2) Upside down drawing using only line. Students will draw a Picasso drawing upside, using only line. This is also a right brain exercise. We will discuss the line qualities in the students’ drawings.

Shape is 2 dimensional
Form is 3 dimensional
Two basic categories are: Organic and geometric
Shape/form can also be real or invented.

Drawing assignments: 1) Gesture drawing of a model. Use only line, and complete the drawing quickly with lots of arm movement. Examples and demonstrations will be shown. 2) Drapery study. Begin with outlines, and then add shading and gradations of light and dark. 3) Gesture drawing of trees. 4) Still life drawing of geometric objects. 5) Perspective drawing of an interior or a cityscape. We will discuss whether these drawings are organic or geometric, and whether they are shape or form.

Texture is an element that is found in nature and the real world and it can be invented.
Some textures are: rough, bumpy, smooth, grassy, wood grain, furry, and feathery.
Value has to do with qualities of light and dark and contrast.
Darker colors are called “shades”.
Lighter colors are called “tints”.
High contrast occurs with the darker shades and the lighter tints near each other.
Low contrast is when shapes or forms and the backgrounds are similar in value.

Drawing project: Sketch a still life in pencil, outlines only. Add a grid or matrix using a ruler. Fill in the shapes that are created with a variety of textures that are not real, but invented. Create some strong contrast in a few areas. This will also be used for the value project.

Space: The 2 main categories for Space are:
Depth of space
Deep space
Shallow space
Flat space
Width of space
Space can be positive and negative

Drawing project: Landscape from a picture or outside. Sketch in conte crayon and use textures and shading as needed. Once the drawing is done, students will analyze the space and present it to the class.

Lesson Plans, Drawing I, week of 9/17-9/21

Perspective Drawing
Students will practice drawing 1 point and 2 point perspective. Next, they will sketch an idea for a perspective drawing, choosing either a city scape or an interior scene.
Students will be asked to present their drawings and discuss the space and form (Elements of Design already studied) that they have created.

Color and Value
Color can be 3 things:
Color schemes
Color qualities
Value is qualities of light and dark, and it works closely with color and contrast

Color Schemes
Split Complimentary

Color Qualities
Dull – Bright
Ex. Army green – grass green
Denim blue – royal blue
Cool – Warm
Blue, green, purple are cool colors
Red, orange, yellow are warm colors
Tint – Shade
Ex. Pink is a tint – Maroon is a shade opposite pink

Pastel drawings: 1)Color scheme design. Start by sketching an organic or geometric design. Choose a color scheme. Using appropriate pastel techniques, fill in the various shapes and spaces with light and dark colors from your chosen color scheme. 2) Realistic drawing of a scenery, animal, or flowers. Realistic pastel techniques will be practiced. Then we will chose a picture and undertake this drawing using those techniques. We will discuss the color qualities and schemes, and present the artworks to the class.

The Elements of Design are the building blocks of the artistic process. Artists use them to create a variety of art works. The students will discuss how the conscious use of the Elements affects the nature of their artwork.

Drawing I and II students will be asked to take notes on each Element of Design so that they have a working vocabulary list. They will be writing art analysis essays and presenting their art work as we study each area.

The next step is learning about the Principles of Design, which are: Focal Point, Contrast, Unity, Repetition, and Balance.
The Principles of Design are about how the Elements are put together.
Artists think about these important concepts when they design their art work.

Contact: Linda Wells