Lessons Plans for Art Foundations Quarter 1, Per. 2 and 4

Qt. 2, Art Foundations Per. 1 and 3, Week of Nov. 12 - Nov. 16
The students will be given a syllabus on Monday, and the class projects, grading, guidelines, and fees will be explained. The syllabus can be viewed on this site. Students are asked to pay $7 for the clay used this quarter. If they are unable to pay, there is no grade penalty but the projects are not fired.

Art History studies. Ancient Cultures of the Greeks, Egyptians, and Near East. Power points and notes start Monday, go until Wednesday, and essay test at the end of the week.

Mythological creature sculpture. Idea sketches first, combining 2 animals or a person and an animal. They will get 5 points for the sketches,  then working with the clay to shape the idea with the hollow built method. This project will continue until Friday.

Tier Two vocabulary words will be studied on Wed. and Thursday:  customs, ideal, mythology, pantheon

Art Foundations, Qt. 1, Per. 2 & 4 Weeks of Sept. 4-7 and Sept. 10-14 The students will be introduced to the drawing unit which is built around the Elements and Principles of Design. We will have a discussion of “right brain theory”. There will be a series of drawing exercises to build their confidence and encourage them to use their “right brain”. The Elements of Design are the building blocks of art works. They are: Line, Shape or Form, Texture, Space, Color, and Value. Each one will be explained. While we discuss each element, we will look at examples in paintings and drawings. Then we will do a drawing assignment that correlates with the element we have studied. Line is the most basic element. It can enclose a shape. It can create texture and detail. Some of the most basic line qualities are: straight, curvy, thick, thin, zigzag, implied, diagonal, horizontal, and vertical. Drawing assignments: 1) Contour line drawing. Using pencil, create a drawing of your hand or shoe using only line. Outline your shoe or hand first, in the center of the paper. Next, add details. An example will be shown. 2) Upside down drawing using only line. Students will draw a Picasso drawing upside, using only line. This is also a right brain exercise. We will discuss the line qualities in the students’ drawings. Shape is 2 dimensional Form is 3 dimensional Two basic categories are: Organic and geometric Shape/form can also be real or invented. Drawing assignments: 1) Using pencil, draw a silk flower arrangement in the gesture style. Use only line, and complete the drawing quickly with lots of arm movement. Examples and demonstrations will be shown. 2) Draw a still life of vases and small objects. Begin with outlines, and then add shading and gradations of light and dark. 3) Gesture drawing of a live model. We will discuss whether they are organic or geometric, and whether they are shape or form. Texture is an element that is found in nature and the real world and it can be invented. Some textures are: rough, bumpy, smooth, grassy, wood grain, furry, and feathery. The drawing assignment will be to do a texture rubbing of various textures in the art room - on the walls, tables, shelves, and on some fabric and other objects. We will discuss if they are invented or real, and other qualities. Space: The 2 main categories for Space are: Depth of space Deep space Shallow space Flat space Width of space Crowded Spacious Space can be positive and negative 2 Drawing exercises: 1) we will draw a vase/face drawing and discuss positive and negative space. An example will be shown. 2) we will draw a person holding a picture frame and concentrate on drawing the negative space. This is also a right brain exercise. Note: in other assignments we will discuss qualities of space. For example, in the Still Life drawing that was done for shape and form, we will discuss the foreground, background and middle ground, and the type of depth . Value has to do with qualities of light and dark and contrast. Darker colors are called “shades”. Lighter colors are called “tints”. High contrast occurs with the darker shades and the lighter tints near each other. Low contrast is when shapes or forms and the backgrounds are similar in value.

Pen Drawing: the students will choose a picture of an animal for this drawing. First they will sketch it in pencil. Then they will use a felt tip pen to complete the drawing. They will be asked to use high value contrast in the background and on the face and body of the animal so that there is a strong focal point. Students will present their drawings to the class and discuss the value and contrast. Lesson Plans, Art Foundations, 9/18-9/21 Color Theory Lessons Color can be 3 things: Color schemes Color qualities Value is qualities of light and dark, and it works closely with color and contrast Color Schemes Primary Secondary Tertiary Complimentary Split Complimentary Monochromatic Analogous Neutral Pastel drawing 1: For this assignment we will be using oil pastels, after practicing the technique. We will choose a color scheme, and after drawing a design of our own, we will paint in the spaces and shapes of the design with a variety of techniques and our chosen color scheme. Color Qualities Dull – Bright Ex. Army green – grass green Denim blue – royal blue Cool – Warm Blue, green, purple are cool colors Red, orange, yellow are warm colors Tint – Shade Ex. Pink is a tint – Maroon is a shade opposite pink Pastel drawing 2: In this art work we will create a realistic pastel drawing from a photograph or picture found online. Once it is completed, the students will present it to the class and explain the various color qualities that are seen.

Recap The Elements of Design are the building blocks of the artistic process. Artists use them to create a variety of art works. The students will discuss how the conscious use of the Elements affects the nature of their artwork. Students will undertake a study of the vocabulary of the Elements of Design, and will be tested at least 3 times. They will also be writing Art Analysis essays using the vocabulary of the Elements of Design. This is done for the PLC project for Mrs. Wells. Vocabulary Words: Line vocab: implied, diagonal, horizontal, vertical, Shape vocab: organic, geometric, three dimensional, two dimensional, Texture: invented, rough, smooth, Space: spacious, crowded, shallow, Color and Value: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary, Complimentary, Split, Complimentary, Monochromatic, Analogous, Neutral, dull, bright, tint, shade The next step is learning about the Principles of Design, which are: Focal Point, Contrast, Unity, Repetition, and Balance. The Principles of Design are about how the Elements are put together. Artists think about these important concepts when they design their art work.

Lesson Plans, Art Foundations, 10/1-10/5 Monday & Wednesday, 10/1 and 10/3 (the 9th graders are at the Respect Retreat on 10/2) The Per. 2 and 4 Art Foundations classes will complete an online activity in the Media Center on 10/1. The focus is Native American artifacts at the Minneapolis Institute of Art. We will look at and discuss 6 artifacts, then undertake a project inspired by Native American pictographs and symbols. This is part of the Minnesota Grad Standards for the Visual Arts. The students have studied and made drawings of Nat. Am. pictographs last week. They created stories and a scene from the story was sketched. Now they will take those sketches and make them into a watercolor painting. We will discuss watercolor technique and the colors used in the artifacts. Students have been working on figure drawings since Thursday last week. On Wednesday they will have some time set aside to finish these drawings. Thursday Art Analysis Lesson - Focal Point. The 5 types of Focal Point are: Location, Contrast, Isolation, Convergence, and Clustering. We will look at various examples and discuss them. Watercolor Technique Exercises - students will be taught how to use watercolor paints in various ways - wet in wet, dry brush, layering, light to dark steps, and a variety of specialty techniques. Friday Art Analysis Lesson - Unity. The 4 types of Unity are: Harmony, Repetition, Proximity, Simplicity. We will look at various examples and discuss them. Watercolor painting #1 - Students will choose a color scheme for an abstract painting. They will sketch a design with some shapes, then paint them in using a variety of techniques. The goal is a colorful, unique, and expressive work of art.

Art Foundations Per. 2 and 4
    Oct. 8: Art Analysis Lesson/Discussion - Unity, a Principle of Design
        There are 4 types of unity - harmony, repetition, simplicity, and proximity. We will take notes on the terms, discuss                them and look at examples of them in famous paintings.
    Watercolor painting - Abstraction with repetitive personal symbol. We will discuss: symbols, unity and repetition. Students will sketch a symbol, repeat it in two more sizes, then cut it out. The symbols will be used to trace over and over on watercolor paper, to create an abstract design. We will discuss and use a variety of watercolor technique to create an eye-catching and unified painting.

    Oct. 9: Art Analysis Lesson - Students will review the vocabulary for Focal Point and Unity. They will write a paragraph using the vocabulary to describe an art work of their choice. 
    Watercolor painting - Students will continue the personal symbol painting. We will review techniques and try new ones.

Art Foundations Per. 2 and 4
Oct. 10 Wednesday
Per. 2 Art Analysis lesson - Balance will be studied, the 4 types are: symmetry, asymmetry, radial balance, and all over pattern. We will look at examples of these 4 types of symmetry and discuss their qualities.  
Per. 4 Art Analysis Vocabulary Quiz - 6 words from the Principles of Design have been studied and discussed. We will review them in class today, then take the quiz. Review will consist of students looking at artworks that are examples of the words, and then giving the definition. 
We will finish the watercolor painting that was started on Monday. The students were using a personal symbol for an abstract design. The watercolor techniques we used are dry brush, wet on wet, and salt texture. Students were instructed to finish the painting by outlining their shapes or painting the whole background.
Oct. 11
Art Analysis lesson - Review of the Principles of Design - Focal Point, Unity, and Balance. Look at examples of art works. Review of the Elements of Design - line, texture, shape, space, and color.
Acrylic painting introduction - The basics will be discussed and technique practice will follow, which will include: color mixing, layering for textures and details, gradations. 
Acrylic practice scenery painting - students will be given step by step instructions, starting with the sky first, then the middle ground, then the foreground. Layering for texture and details. 
Oct. 12
Art Analysis assignment - students will select once of their own art works to analyze. They will write about the Elements and Principles of Design that are seen in the art work. There will be a worksheet outline for them to use. This assignment will continue into next week, when they will write it out into an essay. 
Acrylic painting - the students will select a scenery picture for an 18X24 painting. They will use a grid to draw it out and enlarge it. The drawing will begin today, and possibly the painting of the background or sky.

Lesson Plans, Art Foundations,10/23 & 10/24
Acrylic painting
Students will be finishing up a painting from last week, the non-realistic acrylic painting. Next, they will undertake a realistic painting from a reference picture. The grid enlargement process will be used to sketch the outlines. They will be allowed to choose watercolor or acrylic painting. Painting techniques will be reviewed. Students are expected to use the correct technique for their painting media choice.
Watercolor technique: Tape down the paper to a board. Next, sketch the outline lightly first in pencil, use the grid process. Once drawn, erase the grid.  Paint the lightest areas first, and layer over in darker colors for details and textures. Use the wet on wet technique for skies. Use the darkest colors last. Let adjacent areas dry before painting to avoid bleeding.
Acrylic technique: Tape down paper to a board. Use the grid process to draw the outlines and some details. Erase the grid before painting. Paint the background first, middle ground next, and the foreground last. Layer for details and textures to create realism. Use the blend as you go technique for skies and clouds.
Art Analysis Lesson
Students will be introduced to Balance. The types of balance are: Symmetry, Approximate Symmetry, Asymmetry, Pattern, and Radial. This is a Principle of Design. They will participate in a discussion of examples of artworks in which they analyze the balance.
Next will be a study of Step 3 in Art Analysis – Meaning, Mood, or Intent. Students will be shown a variety of works of art by the Masters, for example Starry Night. We will discuss the intent and meaning of the art work. Students will be asked to give their ideas.

Monday Nov. 19, Art Foundations Per. 1 and 3
    Ancient Cultures Test (covers Ancient Greek, Egyptian, and Near East Cultures) and Essay. Students have been studying these topics all last week. Friday was a review day for the test. Today before the test there will be a review for the essay ( a comparison of ancient mythological creatures and modern creatures). After the test, students will have time to underglaze their mythological creatures that are made of clay. They have been working on them since the beginning of last week.
Tuesday Nov. 20, Art Foundations Per. 1 and 3
    Students will see their corrected tests and will review the answers. There will be time to finish the underglazing from the previous day. If time allows, students will be shown how to make coil vessels, and then they will make a small bowl. This will lead into the next project when we return to school on Nov. 26.


Contact: Linda Wells